By Antonio Carlos Valera

During the 2021 intervention in the central area of ​​Perdigões, where several bell beaker depositions are known, some materials were collected in a ploughing ditch that suggest the existence of at least one “Ferradeira” type deposition, but in a non-funerary context. It is a tongue dagger associated with a troncoconic pot with horizontal handles, which was fragmented but practically complete (Figure 1: 1 and 2). These two pieces were located about 2m from a pit, the upper part of which was cut by the same ploughing ditch. They may have their origin there. In another ploughing ditch nearby and about 2.5 m from these materials, a set of various fragments of an undecorated bell beaker pot with a rather high neck was also collected (Figure 1: 3).

In the central area of ​​Perdigões, about 15m away, the deposition of a halberd associated with a troncoconic pot had already been identified (Valera et al. 2020) in a context with other decorated bell beakers, but also with an undecorated one. Also, in the area now intervened, there are some fragments of decorated beakers and other undecorated ones. However, these concrete associations of small troncoconic pots to metallic weapons, and with undecorated ones close by, seem to suggest specific depositions within this generic bell beaker context of the central area of ​​Perdigões. In a way, they evoke the “Ferradeira” assemblages in an environment that, not being funerary, it is still very close (one to two dozen meters) to the depositions of the remains of human cremations that will be partially contemporary with them.

Bibliographic references

Valera, A.C.; Bottaini, C.; Basílio, BC (2020) – The deposition of a halberd in a bell-shaped context in the central area of ​​the Perdigões enclosure (Reguengos de Monsaraz). Notes on Archeology and Heritage. 14: 41-49.


Valera, A.C. (2021) – A possible “Ferradeira” type deposition in the central area of ​​Perdigões?, Short Notes,